Genetic code optimisation: Part 1
by Royal Truman and Peter Borger
The genetic code as we find it in nature—the canonical code—has been shown to be highly optimal according to various criteria. It is commonly believed the genetic code was optimised during the course of an evolutionary process (for various purposes). We evaluate this claim and find it wanting. We identify difficulties related to the three families of explanations found in the literature as to how the current 64 → 21 convention may have arisen through natural processes.
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